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Modjadji cycad

Encephalartos transvenosus

The Modjadji cycad is the largest cycad in southern Africa. Stem crowns are covered in golden brown wool and produce glossy olive-green leaves. Female cones are golden-yellow, oval, 50 - 80 cm in length, and can weigh up to 36 kg. Seeds can be red or yellow.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Harvest seed when mature and starting to loosen from the cone. Sow immediately.

Propagation

Seed
Sow fresh seed in good draining sand.
Suckers
Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

Special features

Geography

Origin
Southern Africa
Natural climate
Sub-tropical

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!
Notes
Ornamental

Personality

Family
Zamiaceae
Flower colour
Scent
None

Problems

Generally problem free. Monitor for Scale insects and do not overwater!
Red Scale
Red Scale
Aonidiella auranti

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