The Piet Retief cycad is highly endangered and occurs only in the upper-catchment areas of the Pongolo River. It is usually single-stemmed, but may produce up to 4 stems. Leaves are bright green and 1m long. Female plants produce 1 - 4 cones per crown. Cones are cylindrical, 25 - 30 cm in length, green-yellow to pale-yellow, and produce red seeds.