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Thunberg cycad

Encephalartos longifolius

Thunberg's cycad has the most southernly habitat and is found in coastal fynbos and Karoo scrubland. Leaves are dark green and form an umbrella-shaped canopy. Female cones are 60 cm in length, weigh about 36 kg, and produce red seeds.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Fruiting time
Winter

Harvesting

Harvest seed when mature and sow fresh.

Propagation

Seed
Sow fresh mature seed as soon as collected into well-draining sand mix.
Suckers
Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

Special features

Geography

Origin
South Africa, Karoo and Fynbos areas
Natural climate
Arid to Temperate areas

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Acid
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!
Notes
Ornamental

Personality

Family
Zamiaceae
Flower colour

Problems

Relative problem free with good draiage. Watch out for Scale and Mealy bug that can cause harm.

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