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Blyde river cycad

Encephalartos cupidus

The Blyde river cycad is a subterranean dwarf species that form crowns just above the ground. Leaves are blue-green, maturing to a yellow-grey. Female cones are egg-shaped, 18 - 20 cm long and light green, becoming yellow-green as they mature.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Harvest seed when colored and mature.

Propagation

Seed
Naked seeds grow on female plants and need pollen from male plants to be fertile. Sow fresh fertile seeds in sandy soil and keep warm and moist. Germination can take 1-3 months.
Suckers
Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

Special features

Geography

Origin
South Africa. It is indigenous to the Blyde River Canyon area.
Natural climate
Summer rainfall Sub-Tropical Areas

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!
Notes
Ornamental

Personality

Family
Zamiaceae
Flower colour
Scent
None

Problems

Few, but include mealy bug and scale.

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