Candide
Download the free app
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Candide logo
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play

Middelburg cycad

Encephalartos middelburgensis

The Middelburg cycad is indigenous to the Olifants River's upper catchment area and grows at an altitude of between 1 000 and 1 400 m. Leaves are blue-grey. Female cones are cylindrical to egg-shaped and 30 - 50 cm in length. Cones are green and covered in brown to red hairs. Seeds are light brown to yellow.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Harvest seed when colored and ripe.

Propagation

Seed
Naked seeds grow on female plants and need pollen from male plants to be fertile. Sow fresh fertile seeds in sandy soil and keep warm and moist. Germination can take 1-3 months.
Suckers
Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

Special features

Geography

Origin
South Africa, upper catchment of Olifants River.
Natural climate
Montane, summer rainfall

Environment

Light
Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!
Notes
Ornamental

Personality

Family
Zamiaceae
Flower colour
Scent
None

Problems

Few, scout for scale and mealy bugs.

Download the free app

Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play