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White-haired cycad

Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi

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The White-haired cycad is indigenous to montane habitats in the Eastern Cape. The cycad develops multiple stems with woolly brown crowns and blue-grey leaves. Female cones are barrel-shaped, between 25 - 30 cm in length and produce yellow to orange seeds.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Harvest seed when when colored and mature.

Propagation

Seed
Naked seeds grow on female plants and need pollen from male plants to be fertile. Sow fresh fertile seeds in sandy soil and keep warm and moist. Germination can take 1-3 months.
Suckers
Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

Special features

Geography

Origin
South Africa, Eastern Cape
Natural climate
Hot summers, cold winters

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Alkaline
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!
Notes
Ornamental

Personality

Family
Zamiaceae
Flower colour
none
Scent
None

Problems

Few, but include mealy bug and scale insects.

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