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Rose

Rosa filipes 'Kiftsgate'

Rose 'Kiftsgate'

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Kiftsgate is a healthy, tough and extremely vigorous rose with spreading growth. Flowering later than most ramblers, mid to late summer, it bears massive heads of small, white flowers with a strong, musky fragrance. They are held in beautiful, flat-topped, cascading clusters, known as corymbs, with each flower facing outwards. Masses of small, oval shaped, coral-red hips follow the flowers in autumn. It spreads quickly and makes a lovely hedge screen or pergola cover.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Roses can be harvested throughout the growing season. It is best to harvest in the early mornings before the heat of the day. Use sharp, clean secateurs and cut the stems at an angle just above an active bud.

Propagation

Cuttings
Take hardwood cuttings from firm young stems with some leaves in Autumn. Make 1-2.5 cm vertical slits through the bark near the base. Place in pots of moist sand or potting soil.
Suckers
Use T-budding to attach a bud to a rootstock to make a new plant in mid to late summer. Plant the rootstocks in autumn, 30cm apart.

Special features

Hedge plant
This plant grows up to 12 m tall and spreads up to 15 m, making it a great hedge screen. It is also grows and spreads quickly if not maintained. It blooms once, making a pretty white display.
Autumn colour
The bright red hips add a touch of colour in Autumn.

Geography

Origin
Western China, in Gansu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, and Yunnan.
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
The rose hip, usually from R. canina, is used as a minor source of vitamin C. The fruits of many species have significant levels of vitamins and have been used as a food supplement. Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine.
Edible
Rose hips are occasionally made into jam, jelly, marmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content. They are also pressed and filtered to make rose hip syrup. Rose water has a very distinctive flavour and is used heavily in Middle Eastern, Persian, and South Asian cuisine, especially in sweets such as barfi, baklava, halva, gulab jamun, gumdrops, kanafeh, nougat, and Turkish delight. Rose petals or flower buds are sometimes used to flavour ordinary tea, or combined with other herbs to make herbal teas.

Personality

Family
Rosaceae
Flower colour
, White, Cream
Scent
Mild

Problems

Pests: Leafhoppers, aphids, glasshouse red spider mite, scale insects, caterpillars and rose leaf rolling​ sawfly may be a problem. Rabbits can cause damage. Diseases: May be subject to black spot, rose rust, powdery mildews and downy mildew.

Companion plants

Members of the onion family such as chives, ornamental alliums, and edible onions, are rumored to increase the perfume of roses, ward off aphids, and prevent black spot. Scented geraniums (Pelargonium), rue (Ruta), feverfew (T anacetum), parsley (Petroselinum), and thyme (Thymus) all may help ward off Japanese beetles and aphids. Marigolds (Tagetes) may also repel pests and encourage growth. Try ornamental and culinary sage (Salvia), anise-hyssop (Agastache), Russian-sage (Perovskia), lavender (Lavandula), yarrow (Achillea), oregano (Origanum), catmint (Nepeta) and calamint (Calamintha). Oddly enough, tomatoes allegedly prevent black spot, but not many people will be inclined to combine roses and tomatoes. Lavender (Lavandula) and catmint (Nepeta) are good at keeping rabbits away. Yarrow (Achillea) may attract ladybugs who in turn feed on aphids. Remember to plant rose companions at least 30 cm away from your roses so that you do not disturb their roots.

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