'Beefsteak' tomatoes are one of the largest cultivated tomato varieties. They are very popular among home growers and a signature ingredient in many salads and dishes. Skin colour can range from pink-red to red.
Tomatoes will be ready to harvest within 65 - 80 days of sowing. Allow tomatoes to ripen on the vine and pick regularly.
Sow during Spring and Summer, spacing them 50-60 cm apart and 6-8mm deep. Germination takes 4-7 days. Transplant seedlings to a final spacing of 60-90 cm and add support structures (stake or trellis).
Tomatoes are heavy feeders and require well-fertilized soil. Rotate annually to prevent nutrient depletion of the soil.
Only suitable for a large pot (20 liters) and very tall sturdy support. This indeterminate variety will continue to grow and produce fruit throughout the growing season. Prune for best results.
Give high light conditions and warmth to thrive.
Mexico, North America.
Soil PH preference
Tomatoes contain lycopene, an antioxidant. It contains Vit A, B, C and K as well as minerals like potassium and Calsium.
The 'Beefsteak' tomato fruit is an excellent choice for slicing, soups, and sauces.
Common pests: Stink bugs, cutworms, tomato hornworms and tobacco hornworms, aphids, cabbage loopers, whiteflies, tomato fruitworms, flea beetles, red spider mite, slugs, and Colorado potato beetles.
Common diseases: Mildew and blight, Tobacco mosaic virus, curly top
Borage is thought to repel the tomato hornworm moth. The devastating tomato hornworm has a major predator in various parasitic wasps, whose larvae devour the hornworm, but whose adult form drinks nectar from tiny-flowered plants like umbellifers. Several species of umbellifer are therefore often grown with tomato plants, including parsley, queen anne's lace, and sometimes dill. These also attract predatory flies that attack various tomato pests.
Plants with strong scents, like alliums (onions, chives, garlic), mints (basil, oregano, spearmint) and French marigold, (Tagetes patula) are thought to mask the scent of the tomato plant, making it harder for pests to locate it and provide an alternative landing point, less chance of the pest on the tomatos. These plants may also subtly affect the flavor of tomato fruit.
Ground cover plants, including mints, stabilize moisture loss around tomato plants and other Solanaceae, which come from very humid climates, these can help prevent moisture-related problems like blossom end rot.
Tap-root plants like dandelions break up dense soil and bring nutrients from below a tomato plant's reach, possibly benefiting their companion.
Tomato plants can protect asparagus from asparagus beetles, because they contain solanine that kills the beetle, while asparagus plants contain Asparagusic acid that repels nematodes known to attack tomato plants. Marigolds also repel nematodes.