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Barley

Hordeum vulgare

Barley is one of the world's oldest grain crops. It's easy to grow, is low maintenance and is fairly drought tolerant. Barley is grown as a food source to make bread, fodder for animals, used to brew beer and other distilled beverages. While not the prettiest plant, it's very useful!

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Spring

Harvesting

Harvest barley using a sickle when it's gold and brittle. Harvesting time depends on sowing time, cropping period and maturity. It can generally be harvested in 6-7 months. Barley is more prone to shattering, so it should be harvested before fully mature and in the morning.

Propagation

Seed
Sow seeds in Autumn, 50-75 mm deep and 25-30 cm apart. Sow seeds directly in beds in rows, with the rows 30 cm apart. Germination takes 1-2 days!

Special features

Drought resistant
Barley is fairly drought tolerant but does better when watered.

Geography

Origin
Western Asia, Northeast Africa, and Eastern Mediterranean countries.
Natural climate
Cold winters

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Notes
Culinary, animal fodder

Personality

Family
Poaceae
Flower colour
N/A
Scent
None

Problems

Barley is susceptible to barley mild mosaic bymovirus, bacterial blight, powdery mildew, leaf scald, barley rust, crown rust, and head blight.
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Erysiphaceae

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