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Almond 'Nonpareil'

Prunus dulcis 'Nonpareil'

The 'Nonpareil' variety of almond trees produce high quality kernels that are excellent, sweet, smooth and slightly flattened. These almonds set the industry quality standard and commands top position in the market as being a delicious and nutritious staple in the culinary world. The ‘Nonpareil’ almond tree has various health benefits and medicinal uses, and is also a fine choice for the home garden.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Spring, Winter
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer

Harvesting

After the first 3–4 years of growth, you can begin harvesting. Pick the fruits after they matured, become dry and begin to split open, or gently shake the tree and wait for them to fall. The Nonpareil cultivar is generally ready for harvest mid-season. Separate the outer hulls from the seed inside and crack the hard shell open to expose the edible kernel.

Propagation

Cuttings
Graft selected cutting on strong seedling. Almonds are close relatives of peaches and will grow on peach seedlings too.
Seed
Seed will grow after a 6-12 week cold stratification and will germinate best if soaked overnight and hard outer shell is cracked slightly open before planting or removed.

Special features

Indoor plant
If you’d like to start your plants indoors, use LED or high-pressure sodium lamps.
Attracts useful insects
Insects such as honeybees.
Pot plant
This plant can be grown in a container with good drainage holes and sufficient sunlight.

Geography

Origin
Middle East, South-central Asia and North Africa.
Natural climate
Mediterranean

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Acid, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

culinary
Used fresh, dried or roasted.
Notes
Culinary

Personality

Family
Roseacea
Flower colour
White to pink
Scent
Mild

Problems

Pests include aphids, caterpillars, mites, navel orange worms, nematodes, peach twig borer, San Jose scale and squirrels. Diseases include almond leaf scorch, anthracnose, bacterial canker, bacterial spot, brown rot, crown gall, hull rot, leaf blight, peach mosaic virus, powdery mildew, root rot, rust, scab, shot hole, silver leaf, and verticillium wilt.

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