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Plum 'Pioneer'

Prunus domestica 'Pioneer'

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Plums are medium sized deciduous trees. For best results always ask a local nursery for advice on choosing the best variety and rootstock for your garden. Pioneer is a self compatible plum so no cross pollination is required. Pioneer plums are red with pale yellow flesh with a good eating quality.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Trees will be in full bloom by the end of August. Plums will ripen at the end of November. Harvest while the fruit is still firm.

Propagation

Seed
Seed need cold stratification and will grow into a new kind of plum, thus better to buy a certified cultivar from a nursery or try grafting/budding unto a seedling or other rootstock.
Cuttings
Graph or bud a known cultivar unto a strong rootstock.

Special features

Hedge plant
Plums can be tree-trained or espaliered into beautiful shapes including hedge rows.

Geography

Origin
South Africa 1973
Natural climate
Mediterranean

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Edible
Fruit is used fresh, juiced and preserved. Plums can also be used in cooking and baking. Plum blossom make an excellent tea.

Personality

Family
Rosaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Mild

Problems

Snout beetles - Little holes in the leaves and unusual scars on the fruit. Fruit fly and false codling moth visible as larvae in the fruit. Scale and mites can cause damage as well as wind scars(prune all cross growing branches!) and diseases like rots can spoil fruit.

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