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Satsuma 'Miho Wase'

Citrus unshiu 'Miho Wase'

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Satsumas are known for being juicy and plump, with a mild tang to balance the sweetness. The pale orange-coloured rind is very easy to peel and the internal flesh is a deep orange colour. The fruits are ready to pick towards the end of March in South Africa. The satsuma mandarin tree is the most cold-tolerant citrus of commercial importance, only the kumquat is more cold hardy.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Spring, Summer
Fruiting time
Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Harvest with care, Satsumas bruise easily when ripe. Mihowase satsumas ripen from early April through to the end of May.

Propagation

Seed
Starting from seed, germinating Satsuma seeds will produce two seed leaves as they sprout. The seeds require loamy, well-drained soil for the best chance at germination. It will take about 8 years to get fruit on a tree grown from seed.
Cuttings
Citrus trees are made by grafting or budding the desired cultivar onto a suitable rootstock.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
Bees and butterflies are attracted to the flowers.
Pot plant
Make sure to use a big enough pot and to position the pot in full sun.

Geography

Origin
Japan
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Alkaline, Neutral, Acid
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Edible
The fruits are one of the sweetest citrus varieties. In Chinese cuisine the dried peel is also used.

Personality

Family
Rutaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Strong

Problems

The most common pest is citrus psylla, mainly affecting young trees. An infestation results in a swelling on the upper leaf caused by insects underneath the leaf. Less common are the orange dog caterpillars, which can be removed by hand and red and brown scale.
Red Scale
Red Scale
Aonidiella auranti

Companion plants

Citrus trees, fall prey to insects easily, thus some of the best citrus tree companions are those that either deter or draw away harmful bugs. Marigolds are an excellent companion crop for almost any plant because their smell drives away so many bad insects, petunias and borage will do the same. Nasturtium, on the other hand, draws aphids to it, they will choose the nasturtium rather than your citrus tree. Sometimes, companion planting under citrus trees has more to do with attracting the right bugs, some love to eat the things that love to eat your plants. Yarrow, dill, and fennel all attract lacewings and ladybugs, which feed on aphids. Lemon balm, parsley, and tansy attract tachinid fly and wasps, which kill harmful caterpillars. Another good set of citrus tree companions are legumes, such as peas and alfalfa. These plants leach nitrogen into the ground, which helps very hungry citrus trees. Let your legumes grow for a while to build up nitrogen, then cut them back to the ground to release it into the soil.

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