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Pansy

Viola tricolour 'Johny Jumpup'

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As its name implies, heartsease has a long history of use in herbalism. Johnny Jump-ups will overwinter, or at least self-seed each year. Great for edging or borders. Uses: Culinary, medicinal

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Pick flowers when available.

Propagation

Seed
Sowing time during spring. Spacing between 15 - 20 cm at a sowing depth of 3 mm in spring. Also self-seeds.

Special features

Crop rotation
Light Feeder

Geography

Origin
England, Europe
Natural climate
Cool and moist

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Wet
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Acid, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
Traditionally to treat heart conditions (hence the name heartsease), but also made into a tea and drunk for a feverish cold, as a blood purifier and to tone blood vessels, especially the small vessels
Edible
Pick the flowers freshly opened and leave in cold water to swell up slightly before topping salads. To crystallise flowers for desserts, brush with egg white and sprinkle with caster sugar.
Notes
Culinary, medicinal

Personality

Family
Violaceae
Flower colour
Mix of purple, yellow, white.
Scent
None

Problems

Violas are prone to mosaic viruses, downy mildew, powdery mildew, crown and root rot, rust, Botrytis, spot anthracnose, and other fungal leaf spots. Also common are slugs, snails, aphids, and violet leaf midges. Try to keep the foliage dry.

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