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Cumin

Cuminum cyminum

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Cumin is a flowering herb used medicinal and culinary. It is frequently confused with caraway, which it resembles in appearance though not in taste, cumin being far more powerful. Plants do not produce a great number of seeds each, but each fruit will dry to produce one seed only and therefor take many plants to produce enough!

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Cumin seeds ripen mid to late summer.

Propagation

Seed
Sowing time best in Winter and Spring at a sowing depth of 1 cm. Germination time is 20 - 30 days.

Special features

Crop rotation
Rotate with other crops because cumin is a heavy feeder!
Attracts useful insects
Attracts parasitic wasps and predatory flies, which will hunt insect pests on nearby crops.

Geography

Origin
Mediterranean, Northern Africa to India and south Asia.
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Acid, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
Cumin is a stimulant and used to help with digestive disorders. It ia also used with Bay-salt to treat any pigeon disorders!
Edible
Dried seeds are used in most curry and chilli powders. It is used to flavour grilled meat, especially lamb and chicken dishes.
Notes
Culinary, medicinal

Personality

Family
Apiaceae
Flower colour
Pink or white
Scent
Mild

Problems

Cumin plants can be attacked by aphids, also susceptible to diseases like wilt, blight, powdery mildew, and root rot if kept too wet.
Aphids
Aphids
Aphidoidea spp.

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