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Old English lavender

Lavandula angustifolia

Common lavender, English lavender, Spike-oil plant

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English Lavender produce high essential oil and are popular to grow in France and England. It struggles in the warmer Southern hemisphere. It is pruned into an informal hedge often with roses or used as edging. The flowers and leaves are used in culinary, medicinal, essential oils and as insect repellant.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring, Summer, Autumn
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Prune lavender bushes regularly to encourage new growth. Harvest flowering stems just as the flower begins to open.

Propagation

Seed
Sow in spring with a spacing of 1 - 1,5 m. Barely cover seeds with soil in a greenhouse. They will germinate slowly, between 1 to 3 months.
Cuttings
Cuttings of strong growth taken with a heel in late summer and can be grown in a greenhouse for protection during the first winter.
Layering
Layering any time of year by scraping the bark (of a woody stalk) near the base of a long stem. Apply a rooting hormone and bend the stem down and peg with a "V" cut from a coat hanger to allow to root in the soil while still attached to the mother plant.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
Especially bees and often butterflies.
Repels harmful insects
Wards off coddling moth and white flies from surrounding plants.

Geography

Origin
Mediterranean region
Natural climate
Mediterranean

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Alkaline, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
Infusion of lavender is claimed to soothe and heal insect bites. Also known to have a relaxing effect used in creams and oils.
Edible
Oil or essence used in baking or cooking for its distinct flavour. The flower buds and leaves can be added for additional flavour or for pure aesthetics.
Notes
Culinary, medicinal, essential oils, insect repellant

Personality

Family
Lamiaceae
Flower colour
Purples
Scent
Strong

Problems

Lavender is prone to diseases when its watered too much, root rot and leaf spot both can be prevented by letting the lavender bush dry out slightly in between watering.

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