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Angelica

Angelica archangelica

Angel's fishing rod, St Michael's flower, Archangel, Aunt Jericho, Ground ash, Holy Ghost, Root of the Holy Ghost

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Angelica is a tall striking bushy shrub with glossy green leaves that produces attractive umbels of pale yellow-green flowers during early summer. The hollow stalks are ribbed, starting out purple at the base and lighten to pale yellow-green. The stalks are edible with a taste similar to that of celery, only sweeter. Angelica has a long history of cultivation for use as a medicine, flavoring agent and vegetable. Angelica means "Angel" and suggests divine healing power!

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest leaves and stems throughout spring and summer, and the roots in autumn.

Propagation

Seed
Sow seeds shallowly in autumn. Germination takes 8-21 days. Transplant seedlings when they have their first set of true leaves and are still small.
Division
Divide roots in spring in their second year.

Special features

Crop rotation
Angelica is a heavy feeder and needs a lot of nutrients, crops should be rotated every two years.
Repels harmful insects
Deters hoverflies

Geography

Origin
Europe, Asia, North America Russia, Iceland, Greenland, and the Himalayas
Natural climate
Cool to temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Acid
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
Used to treat colds, fever, congestion, digestion, help dispel gas, and calm a nervous stomach. Angelica root is warming and stimulating to the lungs, helping to ease chest congestion.
Edible
Roots, stems, seeds, leaves, and flowers are edible. The leaves can be dried and used in teas or as a seasoning.
Notes
Culinary, medicinal

Personality

Family
Apiaceae
Flower colour
White or greenish-white, Green, Yellow
Scent
Mild

Problems

Aphids, leaf miners, and spider mites can be a problem. Control the pests with blasts of water or insecticidal soap.

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