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Chili pepper 'Serrano'

Capsicum annuum 'Serrano'

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The Serrano Chilli is a vigorous bearer of hot, crisp, pungent, candle-shaped fruits that mature from green to bright red. The Serrano looks like their more famous cousin the Jalapeno Chilli, but they are even more hot. A Mexican favorite that produces huge crops, the Serrano is used both in the culinary and medicinal applications.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest between 60 and 70 days after planting. The fruit can be harvested while they are green or red. They will snap right off of the plant quite easily with very little pull when they are ready. Or use pruning shears or a sharp knife to cut peppers with a short stub of stem attached. This variety tends to be ready for harvesting by late summer.

Propagation

Seed
Sow during Spring and Summer. Sow 10-15 mm deep. Germination time take 10-18 days. Space plants 30-40 cm apart.

Special features

Crop rotation
Medium Feeder
Pot plant
Suitable for growing in containers given enough sunlight and good draining-holes.

Geography

Origin
Central and South America, Mexico.
Natural climate
Warm to hot

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Alkaline, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
The fruit is found to be anti-bacterial, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic and anti-diabetic properties, as well as reduces LDL cholesterol.
Edible
The green or mature fruit are eaten raw, roasted or commonly used in making dishes such as pico de gallo, salsa, marinades, sauces and chilis.
Notes
Culinary, medicinal

Personality

Family
Solanaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Mild

Problems

Pests include beet armyworm, flee beetles, leafminers, leafroller (Omnivorous leafroller), pepper weevil, spider mites (Two spotted spider mite), thrips, and tomato fruit worm. Diseases include aphids, bacterial spot, damping-off, fusarium wilt, mosaic virus, phytophthora blight, powdery mildew, and southern blight.
Two-spotted spider mite
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae

Companion plants

Tomatoes, basil, beetroot, lettuce, carrots, celery, radish, sweetcorn

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