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Cabbage 'Copenhagen Market'

Brassica oleracea capitata 'Copenhagen Market'

Cabbages belong to the Mustard family that include broccoli, cauliflowers, kale and brussel sprouts. Cabbage demands even moisture to produce good heads. Mulch with compost, finely ground leaves, or finely ground bark to keep the soil cool and moist and to keep down weeds. Vigor and flavour decline with heat. Although cool weather enhances flavour, plants may flower (bolt) in extended cold spells in cold climates or in heat spells in warm climates.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Spring, Winter

Harvesting

Cabbage heads are ready to harvest within 3 - 4 months after sowing. Heads should feel firm to the touch. Cut cabbages just below the head but don’t pull the stems up straight away.

Propagation

Seed
Sowing time in late summer with a spacing of 45 - 60 cm. Sowing depth between 6 - 7 mm and the germination time is on average 10 - 14 days.

Special features

Crop rotation
Heavy Feeder- rotate with other groups of vegetables like beans(N-fixer) or root crops or light feeders like salads. Do not replant in the same area in less than 2-3 years!
Attracts useful insects
Butterflies when flowers form in second year.

Geography

Origin
Denmark
Natural climate
Cool season

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
Cabbages contain Vitamin C and K and as well as dietary fiber.
Edible
Leaves form a round head that grows to 2 - 2.5 kg at maturity, which can be scrunched raw in coleslaw, steamed, pickled or stir-fried.
Notes
Culinary

Personality

Family
Brassicaceae
Flower colour
Lemon yellow
Scent
Mild

Problems

White cabbage butterflies are the biggest pest. Control eggs on leaves to prevent hatching. Other pests include, cabbage aphids, cabbage root maggot, cabbage worms , flea Beetles and cutworms. Control by keeping beds weed free or handpick worms. Avoid wetting foliage if possible to stop Alternaria porri.
Large cabbage white butterfly
Large cabbage white butterfly
Pieris brassicae

Companion plants

Onions, leeks, spring onions, celery, cucumber, potatoes, dill, sage, rosemary, borage

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