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London Plane Tree

Platanus × acerifolia

It is usually thought that London plane is a hybrid of Platanus orientalis (oriental plane) and Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore). Some authorities think that it may be a cultivar of P. orientalis. London planes are suited to larger gardens where its presence and majesty can be appreciated. The most striking feature of the London Plane tree is its flaking bark that peels to reveal a lighter colored bark underneath. It can be a messy tree in autumn as the leaves drop and can cause hay-fever as it releases large amounts of pollen in spring. The London plane is very tolerant of atmospheric pollution and root compaction, and for this reason, it is a popular urban roadside tree.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring, Summer
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Generally not harvested

Propagation

Cuttings
Insert 25cm long hardwood cuttings of matured tissue in open ground at or after leaf fall. Rooting takes place by the spring; or insert similar hardwood cuttings in spring with bottom heat and misters.

Special features

Attracts birds
Many birds nest or roost in the large trees.
Hedge plant
Make a wonderful lane boarding sides of a road or hedging for privacy on property edges if possible.
Drought resistant
Huge root system can help survive dry times after it is established.
Autumn colour
Yellow leaves change the green canopy during Autumn.

Geography

Origin
Hybrid
Natural climate
Temperate to cold areas

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Wet
Soil type
Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Acid, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Personality

Family
Platanaceae
Flower colour
Green
Scent
None

Problems

Can be susceptible to diseases including cancers and Plane tree anthracnose.

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