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Codling Moth

Cydia pomonella

Kodlingmot (Afr.)

The larvae eat their way into crops which cause the fruit to stop growing and becoming rotten or useless to use.

These are mainly found around agricultural crops and fruit trees such as apple and pear trees. The larvae can't feed off of leaves so it depends on the fruits as its source of food.

Detection

Appearance
The larvae/caterpillars are a pale yellow, cream colour with large brown eyes. The adults have four wings and are a dark and light brown colour. They wings have bronze coloured tips that reflect in the sunlight.
Symptoms
Holes in fruit or crops left from the larvae eating it's way through, they will usually ripen quicker than usual or fall to the ground and have brown or black marks when it has started to rot.

Personality

Order
Lepidoptera
Family
Torticidae

Biological treatment

You can help to reduce the number of larvae that hatch after winter by scrapping any loose bark away from trees, this will remove any cocoons that are hiding inside. Introduce nematodes to the soil to penetrate the soil and kill off any pest in it's early stages. You can buy sticky traps that will attract the the adult moths and they won't be able to get off.

Chemical treatment

When trying to kill the caterpillars on fruit trees, you can only use insecticides before the larvae enter the fruit or it won't be effective at all.

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